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Exhibitions > Past Exhibitions

3 x Abstraction: New Methods of Drawing

3 x Abstraction is a major exhibition of rarely-seen work by three artists who pioneered the development of modern abstraction: Hilma af Klint (Sweden, 1862-1944), Emma Kunz (Switzerland, 1892-1963), and Agnes Martin (Canada/US, 1912-2004). Klint, Kunz and Martin represent three generations of women artists who pursued non-traditional paths in visualising thought through geometric abstraction. Using line, geometry and the grid, they developed artistic means for expressing, diagramming, and understanding philosophical, scientific and transcendental ideas. 3 x Abstraction introduces the artistic contributions of Klint and Kunz and re-visits the work of Martin from a new perspective. The drawings are presented within the context of recent research on the writings and work methods of the three artists. The works shown also bring into focus the role of modern and contemporary art in representing complex ideas. 

Hilma af Klint, Series VII, No. 7d, February-March 1920, Oil and graphite on canvas, 37 x 29 cm, Hilma af Klint Foundation, Photo credit: Cathy Carver, Courtesy The Drawing Centre

Agnes Martin, Wood I, 1963, Watercolor and graphite on paper, 30.5 x 30.2 cm, Collection of Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, Courtesy The Drawing Centre

Emma Kunz, Work No. 020, n.d., Pencil, colored pencil, and oil pastel on paper, 79 x 79 cm, Emma Kunz Center, Switzerland, Courtesy The Drawing Centre


3 x Abstraction is a touring exhibition organised by The Drawing Center, New York, and has been shown in The Drawing Center and The Santa Monica Museum of Art.

The exhibition is supported by the Embassy of Sweden.

A fully-illustrated catalogue, with essays by the following scholars, curators, and writers accompanies the exhibition: Catherine de Zegher, Bracha L Ettinger, Briony Fer, Elizabeth Finch, Birgit Pelzer, Griselda Pollock, Hendel Teicher, and Kathryn A Tuma.

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